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Identifying True and False Range Breakouts:

Master True and False Breakouts: Unlock Reliable Trading Signals and Enhance Your Profits Today
GPSM  |  Will Bell  |  October 11th, 2023
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If you look closely at the market, you can see that at least 60–70% of the time trades are held in a price range with no discernible direction, and only 30–40% of the time the market is trending.


Following that...


...It is critical for a trader to grasp how fundamental price ranges are produced, what their genuine breakdown entails, and what price moves contribute to the continuation of the sideways trend.


Think For A Second

Many traders confuse price ranges with unprincipled random price movements that an asset experienced prior to the arrival of professional traders.

Yes, the market can accept such conditions, especially before the holidays or when professionals have fixed their gains but have not yet determined which direction to create the next trend, although such situations occur in a smaller number of price ranges.

Price Ranges, In Most Situations, Serve a Distinct Purpose:


They shift positions from one holder to another and they draw new traders into unprofitable positions so that their stops subsequently serve as building blocks for a new trend.

To begin, consider the logic of Trend Development and the significance of the sideways trend in trend progression.

Price Momentum Is Often Achieved On Average Volumes, Which Propel The Market In The Direction Of The Momentum.

This demonstrates a definite buyer-seller imbalance. However, the volumes that changed the market eventually quit updating price extremes.


This, in turn, represents the strength of the opponent's movement at the level attained. The price returns as the urge to make deals in the opposite direction of the trend at the reached extreme is quite strong.


And, before the market can be moved further, these counter orders must be removed.


Following the creation of a retrograde movement, the asset advances in the direction of the previous trend, although this movement usually evolves into a sideways trend placed between the reached extremes.


The first is the activation zone of trend opponents, and the second is the interest zone of trend organizers.


Positions are redistributed in a comparable price range, drawing new traders and canceling counter orders.


First and first, positions are redistributed, because many traders who had positions in the direction of the trend, noting its clear slowing, fix their result (doing perfectly correct in this circumstance), and experts try to absorb these positions.




...fresh participants enter the market with the intention of making trades in the opposite direction of the prior trend, but their sideways deals produce no discernible results.


These participants either sit in positions near to zero in terms of the outcome, or they fix profits and consider making the opposite deal - in the trend's direction.


As a result, the power of the trend's opponents is gradually dwindling, as evidenced by falling trade volumes.


Currently, specialists do a volume test, slightly crossing the range's border, to assess the remaining strength of counterparties who are triggered in such a circumstance.


And if this force is already small, as demonstrated by a small volume (but in any case greater than in the sideways body), the price rebounds sharply in the opposite direction and executes another impulse in the trend's direction.


Trend and Sideways Logic Diagram

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Thus, when a sideways formation emerges, a trader should look at the sideways character rather than making trades (this procedure should be reduced).


This is required in order to choose which side to work on and to try to determine the moment of the sideways transition into the trend's impulsive phase.


Furthermore, the transition to the trend's impulse phase is always realized through the breakdown of the sideline border, which can be both false and true, and these breakouts must be able to discriminate between the two.


Today we'll look at how to tell the difference between a false breakdown and an actual breakdown.


The Reason For False Range Breakouts


Let's start with how to spot a false breakthrough.


To do so, let us examine the most common lateral boundary false breakout patterns.


False breakouts are required to entice rookie traders into taking incorrect positions while trading and to evaluate the opponents' residual power of movement.


The key differentiating aspect of fake breakouts is the low volume at the moment of the range breakout, and the volume of transactions might significantly increase before it.


The second characteristic of false breakouts is a high concentration of orders and transactions aimed at returning to the trading range.

The trampoline pattern is the most common method of redistribution of positions and, at the same time, a volumetric test, in which a sideways pattern with pronounced limits is generated, which automatically concentrates stop orders at particular price levels.


The springboard usually comes after the trade volume in the flat direction has already fallen sufficiently.


The continuance of the sideways trend will result in the majority of participants closing positions, implying that the trend will have to be built from scratch.


In a similar case, the price breaks the sideways border on small volumes in the opposite direction of the preceding trend and returns quickly to the sideways body.


This already demonstrates the movement's opponents' weakness.


Because the lateral border was clearly indicated, the participants' stops are reduced at this point, and with such a redistribution, a true impulse towards the trend usually begins.


However, false punctures can occur not only in the final part of the sidewall, but also during its creation.


So, if the level is truly appealing to both bulls and bears, the price can swing in both directions and in significant volumes.


This demonstrates the conflict between professionals.


In this situation, the volumes in the body of the side will be raised, the candles will be long and frequently replace each other in direction, and both sides will have long wicks.


This is the most perilous condition, so it is best to wait until the volumes drop and a sign of a serious breakdown arises.

The Professional Struggle Scheme

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Often, before a fake breakout, the price takes an interesting run-up - it exhibits higher volume before reaching the lateral boundary and, in a sense, lures the trading players by claiming that the injection of money from experts has started.


Sports provide a good analogy:


In order to jump over an obstacle, an athlete must jump before it, not after it.


The same thing happens in a comparable situation, just in the opposite direction. Volumes are poured in before they reach the border, adsorbing liquidity that is still present in the sideways trend;


...otherwise, this volume would drive the price much farther.


Observing their opponents' great residual power, the pros employ the following trading strategy: 


They continue to collect liquidity while allowing them to make a false breakout of the range in order to stretch traders along the stops.

Diagram Of a False Breakout When Attempting To Take Off To An Obstacle

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A lower volume at the moment of breaking the sideways border is also a symptom of a fake breakout of the level, especially if there were a big number of candles with long wicks up to that point.


This refers to the pros' attempt to entice the participants.


In this circumstance, the formation of punctures on the sideways borders is a logical continuation of this picture, especially if the breakout occurs at higher volumes.

The Fundamentals Of True Breakouts


Any meaningful range breakout should show indicators of completion of liquidity building in the sideways body as well as rising volume near the breakout.


A true breakout is not always the initial breakdown of a sideways trend, because passengers must first disembark and cut stop orders before a clear impetus in the direction of the trend can be initiated.

Fortunes are made by buying low and selling too soon. - Nathan Rothschild 

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Before a true breakout, opponents' movements and orders are small, and huge transactions in the direction of a true breakout propel the market in the appropriate direction.


This denotes an unobstructed road to the breakout.


Before a true breakout, a sequence of candles appears in the direction of the breakdown, closing at extremes or with short wicks. This signals to the opponents of the breakout movement's weakness that the movement will continue rather than change.


Furthermore, the breakout is frequently carried out by a long candlestick that closes at its extreme.


A true breakout is accompanied by an inflow of volumes that persistently pushes the market in the direction of the breakout.


Furthermore, it is common to see how the price is gradually accelerated by making a series of huge trades in the direction of breaking through the range.

Circuit Of A True Price Action Breakout

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As a result, a true breakout occurs when the liquidity of the range levels has already been small and at least one false breakout has trimmed the stops.


Simultaneously, a true breakout is accompanied by higher volume, which propels the market towards the breakout.


You can make lucrative trades while avoiding many unjustified ones if you learn to dismiss fake breakouts and trade actual exits outside of the price flat.


To do so, you must be able to observe the nature of price range breakouts and understand how they arise.

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